Saturday, September 7, 2019

What is the COLON? What it does? 62 FAQs on Large intestine

What is a colon?
The large intestine is also known as colon. Ileum is the last part of small intestine is connected to the cecum which is the first part of the colon. The function of the colon is to remove water, salt and other nutrients forming stool. It consists of the ascending colon, transverse colon, the descending colon, and the sigmoid colon.

(2) What is the main function of the colon? What is absorbed in the colon?

Functions of colon:

  1. Colon absorbs water.
  2. It reabsorbs fluids,
  3. Processes feces,
  4. Eliminates waste products from the body.
(3) What foods cause colon cancer?
These foods cause the colorectal cancer:
  • Hot dogs,
  • Red Meat especially pork,
  • Some luncheon meats,
  • Processed meats, 
  • Excluding vegetables, fruits, and whole grains from diet causes colon cancer.

Article Covers:         Everything Important About Colon
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(4) What does your stool look like if you have colon cancer?
Blood in your stool or rectal bleeding are the signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer. You may also feel change in your bowel habits or a feeling that your bowel does not empty completely.

(5) What color is healthy poop?
Stool color is generally influenced by what you eat as well as by the amount of bile  All shades of brown and even green color are considered as normal.

(6) What are the signs of colon cancer? What are the first signs of colorectal cancer?

Signs and symptoms of colon cancer:

  1. A feeling of incomplete evacuation,
  2. Blood in stool,
  3. Change in bowel movements,
  4. Constipation,
  5. Cramping pains,
  6. Gas or persistent pain in the abdomen,
  7. Diarrhea,
  8. Fatigue and weakness,
  9. Rectal bleeding

(7) What is colon cancer pain like?
It is rare that pain occurs with colon cancer.

(8) How can I make my colon strong?
Colorectal cancer or colon cancer is one of the most serious colon diseases. To make your colon strong, follow the following instructions:
  • Avoid alcohol,
  • Avoid pork,
  • Choose grains wisely,
  • Drink milk,
  • Hold the sugar level,
  • Increase consumption of fiber rich foods,
  • Limit red meat,
  • Limit processed meats
(9) Can you live a normal life without a colon? Can you live without a large intestine? Can you survive without large intestine?
Yes, you can live a normal life without a large colon. Most people can live without a stomach or large intestine, but it is harder to live without a small intestine. But it will be necessary to wear a bag outside the body to collect the poop/stool.

(10) How long can you live with a colostomy bag?
Patient stays in hospital for about 3 days to a week but stay may be longer if colostomy was performed for an emergency. During the stay in hospital, patient has to learn to care about colostomy and its appliances such as a bag or pouch that is used to collect stool.

(11) What are the side effects of having colon removed?

Side Effects of Colectomy/ Surgical removal of colon:

  • Blood clots in the legs and the lungs,
  • Bleeding,
  • Injury to organs near colon,
  • Infections,
  • Tears in the other parts of digestive system

(12) What does the colon secrete?
Mucus is secreted into the hollow lumen of the colon to lubricate its surface. This mucous protects its surface from rough food particles.

(13) Does the colon secrete digestive enzymes?
No, it does not produce digestive enzymes. Functions of the large intestine include the absorption of water and electrolytes and the elimination of waste products from human body.

(14) What nutrients are absorbed by colon?
Undigested food passes into the large intestine. Terminal ileum absorbs bile salts and Vitamin B12. Duodenum absorbs iron and jejunum absorbs majority of nutrients.

(15) Which intestine absorbs the most nutrients?
Ileum is the part of large intestine that absorbs most of the nutrients from the food.

(16) What foods are constipating?

Foods that cause constipation:

  1. Alcohol,
  2. Bacon,
  3. Fast foods,
  4. Foods containing gluten,
  5. Fried foods,
  6. Milk and dairy products,
  7. Persimmons fruit,
  8. Processed food,
  9. Unripe bananas,
  10. Red meat

(17) Can Vitamin B12 deficiency cause constipation?
Vitamin B-12 deficiency can cause constipation. You must increase daily dose of this nutrient if you are facing Vitamin B12 deficiency. Avoid supplements. You must take fruits that are rich in this vitamin.

(18) Are bananas good for constipation?
Banana absorbs water and improves the movement of the stool through the digestive tract by making feces large and soft. Bananas are rich in fiber and hence relieve and prevent constipation. However unripe banana cause constipation.

(19) Do eggs cause constipation?
High fat meats, dairy products and eggs, sugar rich sweets and desserts cause constipation.

(20) Is coffee good for colon?
Drinking coffee reduces the risk of colon cancer. New study shows that coffee drinkers have 30% lower risk of colorectal cancer.

(21) Why does coffee make my poop right away?
Caffeine activates contractions in your intestinal muscles and colon and stimulates the urge to poop. Caffeine makes the colon 60% more active than water and 23% more active than decaf coffee.

(22) What foods will make your poop right away?
  1. Apples,
  2. Chicory,
  3. Citrus fruits,
  4. Dried plums,
  5. Figs,
  6. Green vegetables,
  7. Jerusalem artichoke
  8. Kiwifruit,
  9. Prunes,
  10. Pears,
  11. Spinach

(23) What problems you can have with your colon?

Colon Problems:

  • Constipation,
  • Hemorrhoids,
  • Bowel syndrome,
  • Difficulty in bowel movements

(24) Can stress cause colon spasms?
People with Irritable Bowel Syndrome are more sensitive to stress as IBS is triggered by the immune system which might be affected by the stress and anxiety. Anyhow, psychological problems do not cause the digestive disorder like colon spasms.

(25) What foods cause spastic colon?
Carbonated beverages, dairy products, raw fruits and cruciferous vegetables like cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts may be a cause of gas and spastic colon.

(26) What causes colon infections/ inflammation?
Crohn’s disease, bowel disease, and ulcerative colitis lead to the inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. Symptoms of colitis may be diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating and blood in the feces.

(27) Are bananas anti inflammatory?
Rutin is anti oxidant compound. It has also anti cancer and anti inflammatory properties. Bananas contain rich amounts of rutin so they are thus anti inflammatory fruit.

(28) What can cause pain in Colon? Where is sigmoid colon pain felt?
Bowel syndrome: It causes pain in lower left abdomen.
Colorectal cancer: It causes abdominal pain.
Diverticulitis: It causes sigmoid colon pain.

(29) What helps colon pain?
  1. Exercise on regular basis,
  2. Avoid alcohol and pork,
  3. Regulate your bowel functions,
  4. Eat at regular times,
  5. Drink water before taking food,
  6. Take foods that are rich in fiber

The colon
The Colon

(30) How to heal your colon?
  1. Heal your lining of gut,
  2. Eat unprocessed food,
  3. Take care of friendly bacteria,
  4. Eliminate food allergies,
  5. Eat green vegetables.

(31) What foods soothe your colon?

Foods That Benefit Colon:

  • Applesauce,
  • Fruits,
  • Fish,
  • Cooked eggs,
  • Canned fruit,
  • Diluted juices,
  • Vegetables,
  • Lean meat,
  • Low fat dairy products,
  • Mashed potatoes,
  • Plain chicken,
  • Oatmeal,
  • Rice

(32) Why is my colon swollen?
Ulcerative colitis attacks the last part of the colon and causes the large intestine (colon) to become red and swollen.

(33) Why would colon rupture?
Colon rupture is life threatening. When the colon dilate, distend or expand then it is unable to excrete the feces and gas. This is due to inflammatory bowel diseases. When gas and stools accumulate in the colon, the large intestine ruptures eventually.

(34) What are the symptoms of perforated colon?

Symptoms of Bowel Perforation:

  • Chills, Fever,
  • Severe and sudden pain in the abdomen,
  • Nausea,
  • Vomiting,
  • bloating & swelling of abdomen

(35) Can the colon heal by itself?
Mostly gastrointestinal ruptures require surgery to heal. Rarely, colon may heal itself. If this happens then antibiotics are the only treatment.

(36) Can you feel poop in colon?
When feces do not pass through the intestines, it can become dry hard mass and stay in the colon, so you may feel the urge to go to washroom without being able to. Constipation is painful.

(37) Can poop get stuck in your colon?
Fecal impaction is the large hard mass of stool that gets stuck in the colon and is hard to push out. A person who has tough bowel movements and takes laxatives may face serious bowel problems.

(38) What is a colon detox? Is colon cleansing a good way to remove toxins from body?

What is colon cleansing called? Should I do a colon cleanse? Is colon cleanse a good idea?

Colon cleansing is also known as colon therapy. It is used as a preparation for medical procedures such as colonoscopy. Colon cleansing is branded as colonic irrigation or colon hydrotherapy and it is claimed to remove toxic wastes from the intestinal tract and colon. People think that the bowel is a dirty place and getting rid of wastes is therefore considered a good idea.

(39) What can I use to clean my colon?

Colon cleansing methods:

  • Drinking herbal teas
  • Taking bowel clearing laxatives or supplements
  • Using enemas
(40) How to cleanse colon naturally?
  1. Drink 6-8 glasses of lukewarm water.
  2. Eat food that is rich in water content.
  3. Eat fruits and vegetables such as celery, watermelons, lettuce, melons, and tomatoes.
(41) How can I clean my stomach naturally?
Use the technique of saltwater flush. Mix 2 teaspoons of Himalayan salt or sea salt in lukewarm water (lukewarm water falls between 98 and 105 F) and drink it on an empty stomach (before taking meal). In a few minute, you will feel urge to go to washroom.

(42) Why does colon absorb too much water?
Slow contractions of colon muscles cause the slow movement of stool through the colon. This causes too much absorption of water.

(43) How long does it take for food to reach colon?
It takes about 6-8 hours for food to reach the colon. After you eat food, about six to eight hours are required to its journey through stomach , small intestine and then finally large intestine.

(44) How do your bowels work?
Human digestive system uses muscle contractions to push the food down. Different bands of muscles or sphincters act as valves in the process of peristalsis.

(45) What softens stool quickly?
Insoluble fiber adds bulk to feces and relieves constipation. It also helps in removing the toxins out of body. Oranges and other citrus fruits are vital source of soluble fiber.

(46) How long is colon?
Colon is five feet long and about 3 inches in diameter. Colon absorbs water from indigested food and then nerves present in the colon excrete these wastes as stool.

(47) What are the parts of colon?

Sections of the colon are:

  1. Ascending Colon
  2. Traverse Colon
  3. Descending Colon
  4. Sigmoid Colon
  5. The rectum
  • Ascending colon goes from cecum to up right hand side of abdomen.
  • Traverse colon goes underneath the stomach and the pancreas and meets the descending colon.
  • Descending colon meets up traverse colon in upper side near spleen and travels down the left side of the abdomen. It is vulnerable to medical problems such as cancer, ulcers, and Crohn’s disease.
  • Sigmoid colon is “S shaped” and travels into the centre of the pelvis to the rectum.

(48) What is the function of ascending colon?
The ascending colon carries feces from the cecum to the traverse colon. Bacteria are present here that digest transitory fecal matter and release useful vitamins.

(49) What is the function of descending colon?
The function of the descending colon is to store the remains of digested food that will then be emptied into the rectum.

(50) Is the rectum part of the colon?
There are two types of intestines:
  • Small intestines
  • Large intestines
Colon and rectum are the part of large intestines also called as large bowel.

(51) How your colon works?
Water is absorbed in the colon. Bacteria breakdown the remaining undigested food and release useful vitamins. Muscles present in the colon then move the leftover material called stool. This stool is then excreted out of human body through the rectum.

(52) What happens when large intestine stops working?
If food or gas don’t pass through the colon or rectum then it leads to the swelling of the intestine. If the blockage or swelling in the intestine is severe then the bowel may rupture. Blood supply to the bowel may also be cut that leads to the death of the bowel.

(53) Is coloectomy a major surgery? Is a colon resection a major surgery?
Colectomy is a surgery that is used to treat colon diseases such as cancer, diverticulitis, and inflammatory diseases. The surgery is done by removing a portion of the colon that is cancerous. The remaining parts are then reattached.

(54) How much of your colon can be removed?
If all of the colon is removed then it is known as total colectomy. However, about one fourth to one third part is removed. It depends upon the location and size of cancer. Then the healthy ends of the intestines are sewn back.

(55) What happens after cxolon removal?
Surgeon removes cancerous portion of the colon and then attaches the remaining portion to the outside of the patient’s body. This process is known as colostomy. It involves creation of a hole in the abdominal wall which allows the wastes to leave the body. A colostomy bag or pouch is used to collect the waste.

(56) What Can I eat after colon surgery?
  • Applesauce.
  • Bananas,
  • cream of wheat
  • Boiled rice
  • Low-sugar cereals
  • Cooked beets
  • White bread or toast
  • Cream of rice
  • Pasta.
  • pears, peaches, and melons
  • spinach
(57) What to expect after colon surgery?
You can return to your normal day activities in 1-2 weeks.
You can get out of bed a day after surgery.
Arrange a schedule a follow-up appointment within two weeks of your surgery.

(58) Do intestines grow back?
The intestine is the highly regenerative organ in body. It regenerates its epithelium every 5-7 days.

(59) What are the foods you must limit after colectomy?
You must limit the following food until your body adjusts to a colectomy:

Alcohol in any form


Acid fruits

Beer, and hard liquor

Brown rice

Baked sweets like cakes, pies and cookies


Beans, peas and lentis

Broccoli, cauliflower and other gassy vegetables

Caffeine, and chocolate

Dairy products

Dry fruits

Fried foods

Hot soup or drinks

Less digestible vegetables such as celery, corn, mushrooms, and, onion

Nuts and seeds

Prune juice


Spicy foods

Wheat bran cereals

(60) What is the method to encourage bowel movement?
You must adjust your body in a way that your knees are at higher position than your hips. Show patience and do not force stool out as it may cause damage. When  the time comes you must tense the stomach to encourage movement of stool, rather than the rectum.

(61) How long you will have to stay in hospital after colon resection?
You may stay in the hospital for 4-7 days. Sometimes the two ends of the colon do not attach so surgeon performs colostomy.

(62) What are the foods that you must avoid after colon surgery?
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Wash fruits before eating
  • Do not eat under-cooked meat
  • Avoid non-pasteurized soft cheeses

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