Monday, August 12, 2019

LEUKEMIA GUIDE: Signs, Symptoms & Treatment

What Is Leukemia?

Leukemia is a cancer in which the bone marrow or blood contains an irregular increase of mature white blood cells, which are also known as “blasts.” It serves as part of the broader group of diseases that affect the lymphoid system, blood and bone marrow.

(1) How does leukemia begin?
Leukemia starts when the DNA of immature blood cells mainly white cells, becomes damaged in some manner. This causes the blood cells to increase and divide continuously, so that there are too many cells. Healthy blood cells die after a while and are replaced by new cells, which are produced within the bone marrow.

The abnormal blood cells do not die rather they accumulate and occupy more space. With the production of more cancer cells, the healthy white blood cells are stopped from growing and functioning normally. This thing crowds out the space in the blood. Ultimately, the bad cells grow fast and crowd out the good cells in the blood.

(2) Can leukemia be transmitted sexually?
Cancer is NOT contagious disease.
A healthy person cannot get cancer from someone who has it. There is no evidence that close contact or things like sex, touching, sharing meals, or breathing the same air can spread cancer from one patient to a normal person.

(3) What is the main cause of leukemia disease?
Exact cause of leukemia is not known however risk factors have been identified that include radiation exposure, certain chemotherapy for cancer, family history of leukemia, smoking, and exposure to certain hazardous chemicals such as benzene.

SYMPTOMS OF LEUKEMIA:

Leukemia symptoms vary, depending on the type of leukemia. Common leukemia signs and symptoms include:
•    Fever or chills
•    Swollen lymph nodes, enlarged liver or spleen
•    Easy bleeding or bruising
•    Tiny red spots in your skin
•    Persistent fatigue, weakness
•    Recurrent nosebleed
•    Frequent or severe infections
•    Losing weight without trying
•    Excessive sweating, especially at night
•    Bone pain or tenderness

Common Symptoms_of_leukemia
Common Symptoms Of Leukemia


(4) What foods cure leukemia?

Foods That Cure Leukemia:

What are Food Choices throughout Cancer Treatment?
1.    Maintain a healthy weight.
2.    Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables daily.
3.    Choose sources of healthy fat.
4.    Limit sweets and sugars.
5.    Include whole grains in your diet.
6.    Stay hydrated.
7.    Choose foods which are protein-rich.
8.    Eat less, frequent meals throughout the day.


(5) What fruits can Leukemia patients eat?
Include one or more servings of cruciferous vegetables in your diet almost every day. Cruciferous vegetables include broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kale, watercress and radishes. One serving is half a cup for most fruits and vegetables and one cup for leafy greens, melons and berries.

According to the National Cancer Institute Trusted Source, cruciferous vegetables are a potent source of nutrients, vitamins, minerals, and carotenoids.

To help your body heal, the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society recommends a balanced diet which includes:
•    low-fat dairy
•    Legumes
•    Whole Grains
•    5 to 10 servings of vegetables and fruits
•    low-fat, high-protein foods, such as fish, poultry, and lean meats


Ideally, one of your daily vegetable servings should be a cruciferous vegetable. Examples of cruciferous vegetables are:
•    Broccoli
•    Brussels sprouts
•    Cauliflower
•    Cabbage
•    kale
•    spinach
•    watercress


(6) Does sugar feed leukemia?
Myth: People with cancer shouldn't eat sugar, since it can cause cancer to grow faster. Fact: All cells, including cancer cells, depend on blood sugar (glucose) for energy. But giving more sugar to cancer cells doesn't speed their growth. Likewise, depriving cancer cells of sugar doesn't slow their growth.

(7) What are the main types of leukemia?

Main Types Of LEUKEMIA:

There are Four main types of leukemia, based on acute or chronic, and myeloid or lymphocytic:
  1.  Acute lymphocytic (or lymphoblastic) leukemia (ALL)
  2.  Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
  3.  Acute myeloid (or myelogenous) leukemia (AML)
  4.  Chronic myeloid (or myelogenous) leukemia (CML)
(8) What is the most aggressive form of leukemia?
Acute promyelocytic leukemia is an aggressive type of acute myeloid leukemia. While Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common chronic leukemia in adults.

(9) Can one suddenly get leukemia?
The signs or symptoms of leukemia may vary. Acute leukemia signs and symptoms are similar to the flu. They come suddenly within days or weeks. Whereas Chronic leukemia often causes only a few symptoms or none at all.

(10) Can one die suddenly from leukemia?
For many patients, though, even the best available therapies are not a cure. As cancerous leukemia or multiple myeloma cells grow rapidly and unchecked, they fill precious bone marrow space and cause the normal cells to die. This compromises the bone marrow's function so patients can die from a variety of causes.

(11) Would I know if I had leukemia?
If you have signs or symptoms that suggest leukemia, you may undergo the diagnostic exams:

(1)    Physical exam:
Your doctor will look for physical signs of leukemia, such as swelling of your lymph nodes, pale skin from anemia, and enlargement of your liver and spleen.
(2)    Blood tests.

(12) Is leukemia a death sentence?
Leukemia  Is No Longer Automatic Death Sentence. The phrase "death sentence" immediately comes to the minds of many people when they hear the word leukemia. Some types of the disease last a very long time.

(13) How do kids get leukemia?
Most children with leukemia do not have any known risk factors but still, scientists have learned that certain changes in the DNA inside normal bone marrow cells can cause them to grow unchecked and become leukemia cells. Oncogenes are the genes that help cells grow, divide, or stay alive.

(14) How long can you live with leukemia?
Long term survival of leukemia varies greatly. Depending upon multiple factors such as types of leukemia and age of the patient. Generally, the disease goes into remission in nearly all children who have it. More than four out of five children live at least five years. However the prognosis for adults is not so good.

(15) Is there pain with leukemia?
Bone pain can occur in leukemia patients when the bone marrow expands from the accumulation of abnormal white blood cells.
It may cause a sharp pain or a dull pain, depending on the location.

(16) Can CLL kill you?
In the early stages of CLL doctors regularly monitor the disease, and only begin treatment when it progresses. If you have a more advanced stage of CLL with higher risk, different treatments can improve survival rate. Treatments include a combination of chemotherapy drugs to kill cancer cells.

(17) What is the most common age for childhood leukemia?
Overall, childhood leukemia is a rare disease. About 3 out of 4 leukemia among children and teens are acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). Most of the remaining cases are acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
ALL is most common in early childhood, peaking between 2 and 5 years of age.

(18) What are Common symptoms of childhood leukemia?

First signs of childhood leukemia:

Anemia. A doctor should assess a child if they have symptoms of anemia.
  1. •    Frequent infections.
  2. •    Swelling.
  3. •    Bone or joint pain.
  4. •    Coughing or breathing difficulties.
  5. •    Bruising and bleeding.
  6. •    Headaches, vomiting, and seizures.
  7. •    Lack of appetite, stomachache, and weight loss.
(19) What are survival rates of leukemia?
The survival rate is higher for younger people.
Leukemia survival rates are higher for people under the age of 55. Latest figures show that the 5-year survival rate for all sub-types of leukemia is 61.4 percent.
A 5-year survival rate looks at how many people are still alive 5 years after their diagnosis of disease.

(20) Does leukemia come on suddenly?
Acute leukemia may cause signs and symptoms that are similar to the flu. They come on suddenly within days or weeks. ... People with a chronic leukemia often complain that they just do not feel well. The disease is often found during a routine blood test.

(21) Can leukemia go undiagnosed for years?
Chronic Leukemia May Go Undetected. Unlike acute leukemia, chronic leukemia develops slowly. It may take months or even several years before the disease begins to cause symptoms that alert the patient.

(22) Does leukemia run in families?
It doesn't seem to run in families, so a person's risk is not increased if a family member (other than an identical twin) has the disease. But there are some genetic syndromes (some of which can be inherited from a parent) that seem to raise the risk of ALL type.

(23) Can siblings get leukemia?
Siblings (brothers and sisters) of children with leukemia have a slightly increased chance of developing leukemia disease, but the overall risk is low. However If one twin develops childhood leukemia, the other twin has about a 1 in 5 chance of getting leukemia as well.

(24) Why do kids get leukemia?
Exact cause of most childhood leukemia is not known. Most children with leukemia do not have any known risk factors. Researchers have learned that certain changes in the DNA inside normal bone marrow cells can cause them to grow out of control and become leukemia cells.

(25) What is the first sign of leukemia?
The symptoms of leukemia may be very subtle at first and include fatigue, frequent nosebleeds, unexplained fever, abnormal bruising, headaches, excessive bleeding, unintentional weight loss, and frequent infections. These however can be due to a wide range of causes.

(26) Why do kids get leukemia more than adults?
Kids with leukemia may get more viral or bacterial infections than other kids. These happen because their white blood cells can't fight such infections. They also may get anemia, which is when there's a low number of red blood cells. This happens because leukemia cells crowd the bone marrow.

(27) Is leukemia a painful death?
With good palliative care these symptoms are manageable. As leukemia progresses, the frequency of transfusions may increase to two or three times a week. Someone who has leukemia may die from different factors. There may be a sudden loss of blood or it may be a stroke. This is due to the inability of the blood to clot.

(28) How long can a person live with AML or What Are Survival Rates Of Patients With AML?
With current treatments, patients with lower-risk types of some MDS can live for 5 years or even longer. Patients with higher-risk MDS that becomes acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are likely to have a smaller life span.

(29) What is the survival rate for adults with leukemia?
Patients treated for AML have a 60% to 70% chance of remission; about 20% of those survive at least 3 years, with a possibility of a full cure.

Adult patients treated for ALL have an 80% to 90% chance of attaining remission; about 40% of those who do so survive at least another 5 years, with a chance of a full cure.

(30) Is leukemia worse in adults?
When symptoms do appear, they are usually mild at first, but gradually they get worse. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia affects lymphoid cells and usually grows slowly. It accounts for about 8,430 new cases of leukemia each year. It affects mainly adults in the age of 40s and 50s.

(31) Can leukemia be prevented?
There is no known way to prevent most childhood cancers at this time. Most children with leukemia have no known risk factors, so there is no sure way to prevent these leukemia from developing.

Although the risk of many adult cancer can be reduced by lifestyle change. Such as Quitting smoking.

(32) What are the signs of last days of life?
Symptoms During the Final Months, Weeks, and Days of Life
  1. •    Delirium. Delirium can have many causes at the end of life. ...
  2. •    Fatigue. Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms in the last days of life.
  3. •    Shortness of Breath.
  4. •    Pain.
  5. •    Cough.
  6. •    Constipation.
  7. •    Trouble Swallowing.
  8. •    Death Rattle.
(33) Is Stage 4 leukemia a terminal?
Even in stage 4 you can beat the disease. If you have Hodgkin's lymphoma that's spread through one or more organs outside of your lymphatic system, you'll be diagnosed with stage 4 of the condition. For example, the cancer might have spread to your liver, lungs or bone marrow.

(34) What does terminal cancer mean?
Terminal illness or end-stage disease is an incurable disease that cannot be adequately treated. Terminal illness is reasonably expected to result in the death of the patient. This term is more commonly used for progressive diseases such as cancer or advanced heart disease.

(35) What causes cell death?
Cell death is the event of a biological cell ceasing to carry out its functions. This may be the result of the natural process of old cells dying and being replaced by new cells, or may result from such factors as disease, localized injury, or the death of the organism of which the cells are part.

(36) How quickly and rapidly does leukemia develop?
Chronic leukemia usually gets worse slowly, over months to years.
Acute leukemia develops quickly and progresses over days to weeks. The two main types of leukemia can be further organized into groups that are based on the type of white blood cell that is affected — lymphoid or myeloid.

(37) What are the 5 signs of death?
Five Physical Signs that Death is Nearing
  1. •    Loss of Appetite. As the body shuts down, energy needs decline.
  2. •    Labored Breathing.
  3. •    Changes in Urination.
  4. •    Increased Physical Weakness.
  5. •    Swelling to Feet, Ankles and Hands.
(38) What does the death rattle sound like?
In the death rattle, the breathing patterns change and can create a rattling sound. This sound is known as the death rattle, and it is a part of the dying process.
It may sound like a soft moaning with each breath, or a very loud gurgling or snoring.
It may be a crackling, wet noise that is amplified as the person breathes.

(39) Is all blood cancer leukemia?
Leukemia, a type of cancer found in your blood and bone marrow, is caused by the rapid production of abnormal WBCs. The high number of abnormal cells are not able to fight infection, and thus impair the ability of the bone marrow to produce red blood cells and platelets.

(40) What is the life expectancy of someone with CLL?
The current survival rate for CLL is 83 percent. About 83 out of every 100 people with CLL will be alive 5 years after diagnosis.

In the United States, survival rates for leukemia have improved significantly over the past years.

(41) Does CLL run in families?
A small percent of CLL does run in families. Most people with CLL are the only one in their family who has this disease. MBL (monoclonal B cell lymphocytosis), a non cancerous precursor to CLL is also more common in the relatives of those CLL.

(42) Can leukemia go away?
Leukemia can go away. People sometimes call this a "cure." But your doctor may use the term "remission" instead of "cure" when talking about the effectiveness of your treatment. Many people who have leukemia are successfully treated, but the term remission is used because cancer can return.

(43) What are Fast facts on leukemia?
Here are some key factors about leukemia.
  1. •    Leukemia can be fatal, but there are ways of treating and controlling the disease and its symptoms.
  2. •    Leukemia is one of the most common childhood cancers, but it most often occurs in older adults.
  3. •    About 62,130 new cases of leukemia are expected to be diagnosed in the United States in 2017.
(44) What are the first signs of acute myeloid leukemia?

Signs Of Acute Myelogenous Leukemia:

Signs and symptoms of acute myelogenous leukemia include:
•    Fever.
•    Pale skin.
•    Easy bruising.
•    Lethargy and fatigue.
•    Frequent infections.
•    Shortness of breath.
•    Bone pain.
•    Unusual bleeding.
•    Frequent nosebleeds.


(45) Which is worse leukemia or lymphoma?
Lymphomas are also cancers that start in those cells. The main difference between lymphocytic leukemia and lymphomas is that in leukemia, the cancer cells are mainly in the bone marrow and blood. While in the case of lymphoma cancer cells tend to be in lymph nodes and other tissues.

(46) Is acute myeloid leukemia Fatal?
Although AML is a serious disease, it is treatable and often curable with chemotherapy with or without a bone marrow/stem cell transplant.

(47) Is AML leukemia painful?
Leukemia can cause bone or joint pain, because your bone marrow becomes overcrowded with cancer cells. With acute lymphoblastic leukemia, bone pain occurs in approximately 25 percent of patients at the disease's onset.

(48) What year did cancer research start?
Cancer research has been ongoing for centuries. Early research focused on the causes of cancer. Percivall Pott identified the first environmental trigger (chimney soot) for cancer in 1775. Cigarette smoking was considered a cause of lung cancer in 1950.

(49) When was cancer first diagnosed?

1775
The first cause of cancer was identified by British surgeon named Percivall Pott, who discovered that cancer of the scrotum was a common disease among chimney sweeps. The work of other physicians led to various research insights, but when they started working together they drew some firmer results.


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